How Much Should You Feed Your Chickens In A Day?

How Much Does a Chicken Eat in a Day? Feeding Guide

Disclosure: We thrive on your support. When you make purchases through links on our site, we could earn a commission at no extra cost to you. (it’s how we pay some of the bills)

Understanding the dietary needs of baby chicks is essential for their overall health and productivity.

This includes feed consumption, which directly impacts their growth and development.

Additionally, a proper diet ensures that they lay high-quality eggs when they reach maturity. It is important to provide the right feed in the brooder to support their nutritional requirements.

Factors such as age, breed, and purpose influence the amount of feed consumed for baby chicks in a day.

Proper nutrition plays a vital role in maintaining optimal brooder, eggs, chicks, and birds health. External factors like weather conditions and activity levels can impact a chicken’s consumption of foods, including feed.

These factors can affect the overall health and productivity of chicks, as well as the quality of eggs produced by the birds.

By understanding the daily feed consumption requirements of chicks, chicken owners can ensure that their birds receive enough nutrients for growth, egg production, and overall health.

How Much Should You Feed Chickens Per Day?

chicken eating

Recommended Daily Feed Intake for Chickens

The amount of food that chicks, birds raised for eggs, should consume in a day depends on their age and size. Young chicks, due to their smaller size, require less feed compared to adult chickens. This is because their bodies are still growing and developing, so they don’t need as much food as fully grown birds.

However, it’s important to ensure that the feed provided to the chicks is nutritionally balanced and contains all the necessary nutrients for their growth and development.

By providing the right amount of feed and ensuring it meets their nutritional needs, we can support the healthy growth of these young birds into strong and productive adult chickens.

It is essential to provide the appropriate amount of feed to birds to ensure their nutritional needs, including eggs and chicks, are met without overfeeding or underfeeding them.

Avoiding Health Issues and Reduced Egg Production

Overfeeding or underfeeding chickens can have negative consequences on their health, egg production, and the well-being of the birds. If overfed, chicks may become overweight, leading to obesity-related health problems such as heart issues and joint pain.

This can affect their ability to lay eggs. On the other hand, underfeeding chicks can result in malnutrition and reduced egg production.

Providing Enough Feed while Minimizing Wastage

To ensure your chicks receive sufficient nutrition without excessive wastage, it is important to strike a balance when feeding them. Here are some tips:

  • Measure the daily feed accurately for your chicks: Use measuring cups or scales to determine the appropriate amount of feed for your flock based on their age and size.
  • Offer feed to chicks in controlled portions: Divide the daily ration of feed into multiple smaller meals throughout the day rather than providing all the feed at once.
  • Monitor chick consumption: Observe how much your chicks eat during each feeding session. Adjust the portion sizes of chicken feed accordingly if you notice any significant leftovers or if the chicks finish it too quickly.
  • Provide access to fresh water for your chicks: Along with proper feeding, make sure your chickens always have access to clean and fresh water.

By following these guidelines, you can help maintain optimal health and productivity in your flock while avoiding unnecessary wastage of feed.

Determining the Appropriate Daily Portions

To ensure that chickens receive the right amount of food each day, it is important to consider factors such as their body weight and nutritional requirements. Different types of feeds also have varying energy densities, which affect portion sizes.

Monitoring the body condition of individual chickens can provide insight into whether adjustments are needed in their daily portions. If a chicken appears overweight or underweight, it may be necessary to adjust the amount of feed they receive.

Consulting with poultry nutrition experts can be highly beneficial in determining the appropriate daily portions for your chickens. These experts have extensive knowledge about chicken diets and can provide valuable guidance based on factors such as age, breed, and activity level.

When calculating the daily portions for your chickens, it is crucial to consider their protein and water needs. Chickens require a balanced diet that includes sufficient protein for growth and development. Water and chicken feed should always be readily available to keep chickens hydrated.

It’s important to note that younger chickens may require more feed compared to adult ones due to their rapid growth rate. As they mature, their dietary needs may change, so regular reassessment is essential.

Optimizing Feeding Frequency and Cost-Effective Strategies

To ensure that chickens receive adequate nutrition while keeping feeding costs in check, it is important to optimize feeding frequency and implement cost-effective strategies. Here are some key points to consider:

Providing Multiple Small Meals

Feeding chickens multiple small meals throughout the day promotes better digestion and nutrient absorption.

Instead of providing one large meal, dividing their daily portion into smaller servings ensures that they can consume the feed more efficiently.

Automatic Feeders for Regulation

Using automatic feeders can help regulate feeding frequency and reduce labor costs. These devices dispense a predetermined amount of feed at set intervals, ensuring that chickens have access to food throughout the day without overeating or wasting feed.

Balancing Nutrition and Cost-effectiveness

It is crucial to strike a balance between meeting the nutritional needs of chickens and implementing cost-effective strategies. This involves selecting high-quality feeds that provide essential nutrients while considering budget constraints.

Utilizing Local Resources as Supplements

Incorporating locally available resources as supplements in chicken diets can be a cost-effective approach. For example, kitchen scraps, leftover vegetables, or grains from local farmers can be used to enhance the diet without significantly increasing expenses.

By optimizing feeding frequency, utilizing automatic feeders, balancing nutritional needs with cost-effective strategies, and incorporating local resources as supplements, chicken owners can ensure efficient feeding practices while managing their budgets effectively.

Supplementary Feeding for Laying Hens’ Diet

Red Star Chicken Eating 1

Laying hens require additional nutrients to support their egg production, such as calcium for the formation of strong eggshells.

While a complete layer feed provides most of the necessary nutrition, there are instances where supplementary feeding may be required.

Calcium Supplementation with Oyster Shells or Crushed Eggshells

To ensure that laying hens receive sufficient calcium, it is common practice to offer oyster shells or crushed eggshells as supplements. These sources of calcium can be provided separately from the regular feed and placed in a separate container within the coop.


  • Oyster shells and crushed eggshells are natural and readily available sources of calcium.
  • They help prevent issues like soft-shelled eggs or shell-less eggs caused by a lack of calcium in the diet.
  • Providing these supplements ensures that laying hens have access to the necessary nutrients for healthy eggshell formation.


  • Over-supplementing with treats or scraps can disrupt the balanced nutrition provided by a complete layer feed.
  • Excessive supplementation may lead to imbalances in other essential nutrients, potentially impacting overall hen health.

Consultation with a Poultry Nutritionist

Determining the appropriate supplementary feeding for your laying hens can be complex due to variations in breed, age, and environmental factors. Consulting with a poultry nutritionist can provide valuable guidance tailored to your specific flock’s needs.

Key Points:

  1. A poultry nutritionist can assess your flock’s nutritional requirements based on factors such as age, breed, and production goals.
  2. They can recommend specific supplements or adjustments to ensure optimal nutrition without compromising overall health.
  3. Regular communication with a poultry nutritionist helps address any concerns or challenges related to feeding practices.

By supplementing their diets with additional sources of calcium like oyster shells or crushed eggshells and seeking guidance from a poultry nutritionist when needed, you can ensure that your laying hens receive the necessary nutrients for healthy egg production.

Foraging and Free Range Impact on Chicken Health

Chickens allowed to forage and free range have access to natural food sources, which can enhance their diet. Foraging promotes exercise, mental stimulation, and reduces stress in chickens. Free-range chickens may consume more insects and greens, resulting in a varied and nutritious diet.

However, monitoring for potential hazards or toxic plants is essential when allowing chickens to forage freely.

Enhanced Diet through Natural Food Sources

When chickens are allowed to forage and free range, they have the opportunity to find their own food. This means they can supplement their diet with insects, worms, seeds, grasses, and other natural sources of nutrition.

By having access to these natural food sources, the overall diet of the flock is enhanced with a variety of nutrients that may not be present in commercial feed alone.

Exercise and Mental Stimulation

Foraging not only provides chickens with a diverse diet but also promotes exercise and mental stimulation. As they search for food in the outdoor environment, chickens engage in physical activity that helps keep them fit and healthy.

The act of foraging stimulates their minds as they explore different areas in search of food.

Reduction in Stress Levels

Allowing chickens to forage freely can reduce stress levels within the flock. When confined to small spaces without access to natural environments or opportunities for exploration, chickens can become bored or frustrated.

By providing them with the freedom to roam and forage, they experience less stress and exhibit more natural behaviors.

Varied Nutritional Intake

Free-range chickens often consume a wider range of foods compared to those kept solely on commercial feed. Their ability to graze on grasses, eat insects, peck at weeds or greens allows them to obtain additional vitamins and minerals from these sources.

This varied nutritional intake contributes positively towards their overall health.

Monitoring Potential Hazards

While allowing chickens to forage freely has numerous benefits, it is crucial to monitor for potential hazards or toxic plants in the environment. Some plants can be harmful or even fatal to chickens if ingested.

Regularly inspecting the areas where chickens roam and removing any potential dangers ensures their safety.

Insights into Daily Chicken Food Intake

To ensure the health and well-being of our chickens, it’s important to understand their daily food intake. Here are some insights into how much a chicken eats in a day.

Average Daily Food Consumption

On average, adult chickens consume around 1/4 to 1/3 pound of feed per day. This can vary depending on various factors such as breed, size, activity level, and environmental conditions. It’s essential to monitor their food intake regularly to ensure they are receiving adequate nutrition.

Factors Influencing Food Intake

Different factors can influence a chicken’s daily food consumption. For instance, laying hens require additional nutrients compared to non-laying or growing chickens.

The breed of the chicken also plays a role in determining its food requirements. Environmental conditions like temperature and weather can impact their appetite.

Monitoring Food Intake

Regularly monitoring your chickens’ food intake is crucial for their overall health. By observing any changes in their appetite or eating habits, you can identify potential health issues early on. If you notice a significant decrease or increase in food consumption without any obvious reason, it may be necessary to consult with a veterinarian.

Other Considerations

While commercial feed provides balanced nutrition for chickens, there are other foods they may consume as well. Chicks require specific starter feeds designed for their nutritional needs during the early stages of growth. Providing energy foods like grains and seeds can supplement their diet.

It’s important to note that while chickens may enjoy occasional scraps from the kitchen, it should not make up a significant portion of their diet as it may lack essential nutrients.

By understanding how much our chickens eat in a day and considering these factors influencing their food intake, we can ensure they receive proper nutrition for optimal health and productivity.

Alternative Chicken Feeds To Reduce Costs

In conclusion, determining the appropriate daily feed consumption of your birds and optimizing feeding frequency are crucial factors in managing the amount of food chickens consume.

By understanding how much to feed your chickens per day and implementing cost-effective strategies, you can reduce expenses while ensuring your flock receives the necessary nutrition.

Incorporating supplementary feeds into laying hens’ diets and allowing foraging and free-range opportunities can have a positive impact on chicken health.

To further optimize your chicken feeding practices, consider exploring alternative chicken feeds that can help reduce costs. Some options include using kitchen scraps, growing fodder crops, or utilizing insect protein sources.

How to reduce your chicken feed cost by 15-20%

Soaking chicken feed is a method utilized by many poultry keepers to enhance the nutritional value and digestibility of the feed for their chickens. Here are the benefits and the recommended duration for soaking chicken feed:


  1. Enhanced Digestibility:
    • Soaking the chicken feed makes it easier for the chickens to digest as it softens the grains, which can be gentler on their stomach, crop, and gizzard​1​.
  2. Reduced Feed Consumption:
    • The process may help in reducing the amount of feed chickens consume as it increases the volume of the feed and makes it more filling for the chickens​2​.
  3. Prevention of Spillage:
    • Soaked feed tends to result in less spillage as compared to dry feed, thereby reducing waste​2​.
  4. Improved Hen Health:
    • Soaking the feed overnight allows probiotics to flourish which has a positive impact on the health of the hens​3​.
  5. Economic Efficiency:
    • It can reduce your feed bill and potentially improve egg weight and total body weight of your chickens, which might be economically beneficial over time​4​.
  6. Enhanced Nutrient Absorption:
    • The process of soaking can lead to increased nutrient absorption, making the feed more beneficial for the chickens.


  • The recommended duration for soaking chicken feed is typically 12–24 hours before feeding it to your chickens​. During this time, the feed is covered with water (preferably dechlorinated or filtered) and left to ferment, which contributes to the benefits mentioned above.


  • To soak chicken feed, you will need a container, chicken feed, dechlorinated or filtered water, and a loose-fitting lid. The feed should be completely submerged in water during the soaking period​2​.

Incorporating this method into your chicken feeding routine might lead to observed improvements in their health and overall well-being, while also potentially providing economic benefits through reduced feed waste and improved egg and meat production.

These alternatives not only provide nutritional benefits but also offer sustainable solutions for poultry owners looking to cut down on expenses.


How often should I feed my chickens?

Chickens should be fed once or twice a day, depending on their age and specific dietary requirements. It’s important to establish a consistent feeding schedule to ensure they receive adequate nutrition.

Can I feed my chickens table scraps?

Yes, you can feed your chickens certain table scraps as long as they are safe and suitable for their consumption. However, it’s essential to avoid feeding them anything toxic or harmful.

What is the best way to determine the appropriate daily portions for my chickens?

The best way to determine the appropriate daily portions is by considering factors such as age, breed, size, activity level, and overall health of your chickens. Consulting with a poultry nutritionist or veterinarian can provide valuable guidance in this regard.

Are there any risks associated with free-range foraging?

While free-range foraging has its benefits in terms of providing natural food sources and promoting exercise for chickens, there are some risks involved. Predators and exposure to certain plants or toxins are potential hazards that need to be managed carefully.

Can alternative feeds affect egg quality?

Alternative feeds can influence egg quality depending on their nutritional composition. It’s important to ensure that any alternative feeds you introduce into your chickens’ diet meet their dietary requirements and do not negatively impact egg quality.

Related Articles:

Free Training Reveals:

How to Make $2000/Month or more With an automated Microgreen Farm...

✅ How To Set Up A Farm In The Corner Of Your Room (In Your Kitchen, Spare Bedroom, Basement Or Garage…)

✅ How To Grow The 4 Most Profitable Varieties Even If You’ve Never Grown Food Before

✅ How To Get Sales On Auto-Pilot Without Leaving Your House